News & Media

Media contacts

Media organisations seeking comment on Smart Justice for Young People issues should contact:

Abby McCarthy
Media & Communications Officer
Youthlaw/ Smart Justice for Young People
(Mondays, Wednesdays, Thursdays)
03 9611 2412, Mobile: 0458 131 517


Tiffany Overall
Advocacy & Human Rights Officer - Youthlaw
Convenor of Smart Justice for Young People
Monday to Thursday
03 9611 2439, Mobile: 0400 903 034
The views expressed in Smart Justice for Young People media releases and media comment do not necessarily reflect those of all its member organisations and should not be taken as such.

March 2017

The Victorian Law Institute Journal March 2017 by Karin Derkley Lawyers fear youth crackdown

February 2017

The Victorian Law Institute Journal February 2017  Time-to-reinvest-in-justice

SJ4YP blog 6/02/2017  Youth justice fix must be rehabilitative and age appropriate

The Age 10/02/2017 by Farrah Tomazin (Tiffany briefed Farrah and linked her to a number of SJ4YP members organisations with positive youth justice programs. Consequently the Age published this youth justice good news story focusing on a young person connected with The Bridge Project YMCA)  Building a bridge to a new life the other side of the youth crime debate.

December 2016

SJ4YP blog 30/12/2016  Youth justice advocates share serious concerns about victorian governments decision to re-gazette Barwon prison's Grevillea Unit

SJ4YP blog 15/12/2016 Report confirms less children in the youth justice system but more measures needed to prevent vulnerable young  children offending.

SJ4YP blog 05/12/2016 Youth justice reforms must tackle the causes of youth offending

November 2016

SJ4YP blog  29/11/2016 Child right advocates welcome move to stop transfer of young aboriginal offenders to adult prison, but call on victorian government to go further

ABC News 17/11/2016 Adult prison totally inappropriate for teenage offenders

SJ4YP blog 15/11/2016 Youth advocates warn against transferring young people into adult prison

Croakey & #JustJustice ebook 27/11/ 2016 by Tiffany Overall  Youth Justice Reinvestment: Invest in communities, not prisons

October 2016

SJ4YP blog 1/10/2016 More work needed to encourage downward trend in young offenders

The Age  13/10/2016 by Chloe Booker Name and shame plan for violent repeat offenders slammed by youth advocates

 ABC News 13/10/2016 by Sarah Farnsworth, Naming and shaming youth offenders could fuel gang crime: Victoria Police Commissioner

ABC evening news 13/10/2016  ( 6 mins in at


September 2016

SJ4YP blog 20/09/2016 Victorian eyes are on Bourke,s new approach to reducing crime

August 2016

Youthlaw blog  4/08/2016 by Ariel Couchman  Youth crime wave needs smart complex responses not hysteria 

Done by Law, 3CR intervew with Ariel Couchman 2/08/ 2016 Youth Detention in the Northern Territory’  Youth-detention in the northern territory

July 2016

SJ4YP blog 26/07/2016   Community lawyers and advocates voice strong support for royal commission on youth detention/

 SJ4YP Update July 2016

May 2016

SJ4YP blog 3/05/ 2016 -  Changes to bail laws will help not hinder

April 2016

The Age 23/04/2016 -  Victorian Budget: state-wide push to divert youth from a life of crime

SJ4YP blog 26/04/2016 - Victorian 2016/7 budget invests in intervening early to reduce youth crime

February 2016

SJ4YP February  2016 Update

October 2015

SJ4YP blog 8/10/2015 -   The latest youth parole board report

SJ4YP blog 1/10/2015 - More work needed to encourage downward trend in young offenders

SJ4YP October 2015 Update

September 2015

SJ4YP blog 17/09/2015  -  Ombudsman calls for an alternate approach to reduce crime

July 2015

SJ4YP 21/07/2015 - Its time for a new approach reducing deep seated disadvantage and crime

June 2015

SJ4YP blog 22/06/2015 -  The best  approach to crime prevention is early  intervention

SJ4YP June 2015 Update

February 2015

The Age, 2 February 2015 - Andrews Government to introduce youth diversion program

SJ4YP  Update February 2015 

November 2014

Smart Justice for Young People Spring E update

October 2014

Government makes election commitment to youth diversion

Sunday Age 25 October 2014 - Election push to help teenage lawbreakers avoid conviction

Done by Law, 3CR 28 October 2014 - Developments in youth diversion in Victoria

August 2014

Smart Justice for Young People Winter E update

May 2014

Statements from SJFYP Coalition Member Organisations Regarding Young People and the Federal Budget 2014

Jesuit Social Services - Federal Budget 2014: A vision for an unjust society that abandons its most vulnerable

Youthlaw - Budget Cuts Hit Young People the Hardest

Media on Youth Diversion and SJFYP

Almost a month after Youth Diversion Works was launched and there has been some great media attention on Youth Diversion, and on the Smart Justice for Young People Coalition's calls for its continued funding.

Melbourne MX, April 29 2014 – Teen crime risk in budget

ABC online, April 29 2014 – Lobby group calls for funding for programs to keep young people out of jail

The Geelong Advertiser, May 1 2014 – Geelong youth diversion program needs cash in State Budget

April 2014

SJFYP launches a new video about youth diversion - Youth Diversion Works

On April 29th Smart Justice for Young People launched a video, Youth Diversion Works, profiling two young people who have successfully completed diversion, and turned their lives around.

At the launch more than 30 youth and legal organisations called on the Victorian Government to ensure all young Victorians can access youth justice diversion.

The launch media pack can be downloaded here, or you can watch the video, Youth Diversion Works, here.

March 2014

Excellent report on youth diversion on ABC Radio's AM program. Like and share if you think we have waited long enough for the Victoria government to make a commitment and invest to keep successful diversion programs like Right Step for young offenders going.For the report see Succesful young offenders program could be closed from lack of govt. funding.

February 2014

Article by Lee Carnie, Lawyer, Youthlaw, in the Star Observer Tough on crime mantras are a furphy and harmful  5 February 2014.

December 2013

SJFYP welcomes the first step by Victoria Police towards zero tolerance of racial profiling

Victoria Police have released a three year action plan in response to the inquiry which examined Victoria Police policy on field contacts (including their use of stop and search powers) and their cross-cultural training. The plan includes encouraging first steps to stamping out racial profiling practices including a review of field contact policies, a trial of receipting, creation of unconscious bias training packages. For more see Victoria Police response

In releasing the response, Commissioner Lay stopped short of acknowledging systemic racial profiling and discrimination in Victoria Police. However he acknowledged that some members had racially profiled and that this practice is not acceptable. Read SJFYP blog.

See related media stories by ABC News and the Age.

ABC 774 talks to a young participant of the 'Right Step' diversion program about how the program turned his life around

In an interview with ABC Radio's Rachael Brown, 'Mark' tells how scared he was to be facing court for the first time as a fifteen year-old and how the 'Right Step' diversion program has given him a second chance to "get out there in life and start something positive." Tiffany Overall urges Government to urgently invest in a statewide diversion scheme. Read the full transcript of his interview here

November 2013

As SJFYP briefs parliamentarians on the need for guaranted diversion of children from the justice system, Government quietly funds 1200 new prison beds

As State Government expenditure on 1200 additional prison beds has come to light, advocacy group Smart Justice For Young People is anxiously awaiting the introduction of a legislated scheme to divert children and young people away from a justice system in which they can become entrenched and progress to adult offending.

September 2013

Victoria Police flag some changes in procedures and training

Having received 68 submissions in response to the public inquiry, Victoria police have publically flagged they are considering changing procedures that allowed police to stop individuals who they suspected might have committed an offence.

Mr Lay said police might introduce a receipt system to ensure that people who were stopped and searched were given a reason and a record of when it occurred.

They are also looking at strengthened trainig and have said it might be necessary to make internal investigations more transparent.   See full article

August 2013

Protective costs order will allow young man to bring complaint against police to court

Four years ago, Nassir Bare (then 17 years old) was bashed and racially abused by police.  He has now been granted a protective costs order in the Court of Appeal (limiting the potential costs he would have to pay IBAC and the Attorney-General to $5,000) which means he can now continue his fight for the courts to recognise his right to an independent investigation of how he was treated by police.

July 2013

Inquiry into Victoria Police stop and search policy

Victoria Police have commenced their public inquiry into two key policies that shape their interactions with the community, particularly culturally and linguistically diverse groups and the Aboriginal community: its field contacts policy ('stops and searches') and its cross-cultural training program.

See the Smart Justice for Young People's submisson to the Victoria Police Inquiry “Safeguards against discriminatory policing.”

June 2013

Letter to Herald Sun in response to youth crime rates article

An article claiming data shows a youth crime problem in Victoria did not present the full picture of youth offending and its causes, according to Smart Justice for Young People. In a letter to the editor of the Herald Sun, Smart Justice for Young People pointed out the high numbers of young victims of crime and the role of family violence in the increase in assaults. The high number of low level offences committed by young people, such as travelling without a valid ticket, were also omitted from the article. Read the full letter to the editor and original article published Monday 3 June 2013.

May 2013

State Budget fails to invest in addressing youth crime

The Victorian State Government continues to deliver on its 'law and order' election commitments, rather than investing in alternatives to prison that enhance community safety. Alternative sentencing measures, such as youth diversionary programs, address the causes of crime and are more likely to achieve long-term results with offenders. Smart justice solutions are good for the community and good for government.

April 2013

Put young people in the picture: Justice reinvestment options for Australia

A Senate inquiry into the value of justice reinvestment for Australia, after widespread adoption of the scheme in the UK and USA, was used by Smart Justice for Young People to emphasise the importance of investing early in young people to prevent future offending.

Justice reinvestment schemes typically involve a commitment to reducing prison populations and using these budgetary savings to invest in community services in high-crime areas. The submission from Smart Justice for Young People argued that investment in services for young people and adults was essential to prevent a future generation of offenders from emerging.

Read the full submission here

Read the Smart Justice fact sheet on Justice Reinvestment here

February 2013

Public inquiry to help end racial discrimination in policing is welcome

Smart Justice for Young People welcomes news of a public inquiry into Victoria Police's stop and search practices and encourages all young Victorians to get involved.

The inquiry is the result of a lengthy race discrimination action by six young African-Australians in the Federal Court. More details of this historic settlement with Victoria Police are here

December 2012

PSOs targeting the homeless & disabled with fines in Melbourne

New figures suggest that Protective Service Officers (PSOs) on Melbourne's rail network are not using their discretionary powers when issuing fines, resulting in thousands of notices being issued in a 3 month period. Many of these notices have been given to vulnerable people, including the homeless, people with mental health issues and those with a disability. Legal experts say this is not what the public was promised under the PSO scheme and questioned the community safety benefits of issuing multiple infringements.

October 2012

Legislation best way to ensure equal access to youth diversion programs

The current flaws in Victoria's youth diversionary system - inconsistency, inequity and a lack of access & coordination - could be solved through new legislation that protects young people's right to be diverted from the criminal justice system and its negative repercussions. Smart Justice for Young People and Youthlaw both put forward this argument in their responses to the State Government's Diversion Discussion Paper 'Practical Lessons, Fair Consequences'. Their submissions also recommend that diversion programs are adequately funded by Government. Dedicated funding is required for graduated, tailored & culturally appropriate diversion options, ranging from low level activities to more intensive case managed interventions.

To download the Smart Justice for Young People submission click here.

To download the Youthlaw submission click here.

Youthlaw is Victoria’s state-wide free community legal centre for young people under 25 years of age.

April 2012

Best way to lower crime is to prevent it

More police, harsher sentences and tough new laws are only tackling crime after the fact rather than preventing it from occurring in the first place, according to Michael Holcroft, President of the Law Institue of Victoria. Looking at the causes of crime - disadvantage, mental health issues, drugs and alcohol - and then addressing them is the smart way forward.

Search receipts essential to address racial profiling by police

Professor Ben Bowling, an expert on police accountability, spoke at a community event in Flemington on the need for Victoria Police to adopt a receipting process for every search they perform, similar to the UK's system. Receipts provide data, transparency and confidence to the community that police are using their powers responsibly and fairly.

March 2012

Tasers a costly option, in more ways than one

Smart Justice for Young People is opposed to the issuing of Tasers to Victoria Police and believes the weapons will generate significant costs for the force in terms of both money and reputation. Tasers have been linked to the death of several individuals in Australia and overseas, and carry significant risks when used on young people, those affected by drugs and alcohol and those with heart conditions. Smart Justice for Young People is calling on Victoria Police to severely restrict the use of Tasers on young people and to publicly release the evaluation of its 12-month Taser trial, in the interests of accountability and transparency. Read our media release here.

February 2012

Know your rights with Protective Services Officers

Smart Justice for Young People is a partner of Your Rights on Track, a community legal project aimed at supporting commuters who may be affected by the roll out of Protective Services Officers (PSOs). PSOs are armed guards who have similar powers to police when they are on duty at train stations. The Baillieu Government has pledged to recruit 940 PSOs by 2014, with 2 PSOs being assigned to every metropolitan train station and to major regional stations, to patrol the stations and their surrounds from 6pm to after the last train, 7 days a week. Find out more about PSOs here, here and here.

Your Rights on Track, coordinated by the Federation of Community Legal Centres in partnership with Smart Justice for Young People and the Mental Health Legal Centre, is taking the lead by providing information to train travellers about PSO powers and their rights as commuters.The project will also monitor the introduction of PSOs, provide feedback to the Government and Victoria Police, and keep the media and the general community informed of any issues that arise with the PSO roll out.

Your Rights on Track have developed wallet size cards outlining the powers of PSOs and where to go for more information or help. To obtain wallet cards, please contact Michelle McDonnell, Project Manager of Your Rights on Track. There is also a Facebook page where commuters can find out more about PSOs and share any experiences they’ve had with PSOs on the rail network.

Through educating vulnerable groups and those who work with them, Your Rights on Track hopes to achieve respectful, accountable and human-rights compliant interactions between PSOs and the public.

November 2011

Smart Justice for Young People has been launched

Smart Justice for Young People - a new group hoping to dispel the myths surrounding youth justice - was launched at the Law Institute of Victoria on Wednesday 16th November 2011. The group advocates for smarter, not necessarily tougher, approaches to crime. The group is particularly interested in addressing the often-strained relationship between police and young people.

Spokesperson for the group and Co-Director of Youthlaw, Tiffany Overall, described the Smart Justice for Young People as a group that ”aims to encourage political parties and public authorities to develop policies and practices effecting children and young people that are age-appropriate, non-discriminatory, and evidence based.”

President of the Children’s Court, Judge Paul Grant outlined approaches of deterrence and detention and called for a move toward diversion and rehabilitation for young offenders.

To conclude the launch a young Ethiopian woman, Hannah Faseeha, shared a compelling account of discrimination within her community and expressed concerns about the level of accountability of police, and their knowledge about diverse groups of young people.

Footage of each of the speakers can be viewed here.


Inquest into the police shooting of Tyler Cassidy

On Wednesday 23rd November, the State Coroner Judge Jennifer Coate handed down her findings from the inquest into the death of 15-year old Tyler Cassidy. Tyler was in a state of emotional and mental distress when police fatally shot him almost three years ago.

The Coroner made strong recommendations to Victoria Police to:

Smart Justice for Young People wholeheartedly endorses these recommendations and makes several additional ones including:

Read Smart Justice for Young People's media release on the Cassidy inquest

Background Information
Smart Justice for Young People has prepared a background paper on the need for age-appropriate responses from police. This paper stresses that adolescent brain development, young people's vulnerability, and a person's mental health are all relevant considerations when police respond to incidents involving young people. The paper identifies these areas as lacking in current Victoria Police training and recommends that this be addressed.

The Federation of Community Legal Centres' background paper highlights the high rate of police shootings in Victoria and the high proportion of these that involved a person with mental health issues. The paper makes a number of recommendations for reducing shootings by Victoria Police. The Federation of Community Legal Centres has also prepared a table of the 10 police shootings that have occurred since Tyler Cassidy's death. The table includes the age of the victim and circumstances surrounding the incident, and shows that there have been 9 reported non-fatal police shootings and 1 fatal shooting since Tyler’s death in December 2008.



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